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Past Projects & Publications by GIRA Principles

Salud Libre

Project Salud Libre was an assessment of mental health needs among the mostly rural and largely Mexican American communities in California’s Imperial Valley. The assessment consisted of data gathered through surveys, structured focus groups, and key stakeholder interviews. Activities were conducted in Spanish and English across many locations spanning Imperial County. The surveys compiled demographic, acculturation, mental health symptom, service access and utilization, care preference, and related information. It identified common stressors, psychological responses, prevalent medical conditions, substance abuse patterns, unmet service needs, and the way people in the area try to cope with physical and mental challenges. It then

The Traumatic Event Sequelae Inventory (TESI)

The Traumatic Event Sequelae Inventory (TESI) is an empirically developed, objective psychological instrument. It is designed to list and quantify symptoms reported by individuals who have been exposed to one or more traumatic events of the type that often lead to posttraumatic stress. Since its initial development by Robert Christopher, Ph.D. in 1995, TESI has been used in multiple situations. These include civilian adults and adolescents, forensic cases, US military personnel who have seen combat (e.g., in Iraq), and culturally distinct groups such as refugees from the broader Middle East / East African countries. TESI has thus shown itself to


Project Salaam was a community health & mental health needs assessment among San Diego’s Middle Eastern and East African populations. In that process it captured the most commonly reported psychological symptoms among persons who had experienced trauma, (or multiple traumas). Results supported the concept of complex Posttraumatic Stress Disorders based on symptom severity among those who had experienced multiple adverse events. This report presents results from an emotional health needs assessment conducted by Project Salaam. It focused on members of greater San Diego’s Middle Eastern, North African, and East African communities. That inattention to the specific needs and circumstances of

Scientific publications by Dr. Rodríguez-Reimann and/or Dr. Reimann

Psychosocial Measurement

Hemmings M, Reimann JOF, Madrigal D, Velasquez RJ. (1998). Predictors of scores on the Brief Symptom Inventory for ethnically diverse female clients. Psychological Reports, 83, 800-802. PMID: 9923154

Boscán DC, Penn NE, Velasquez RJ, Reimann J, Gómez N, Gúzman M, Berry EM, Infantes LD, Jaramillo LF, Corrales de Romero M. (2000). MMPI-2 Profiles of Colombian, Mexican, and Venezuelan university students. Psychological Reports, 87, 107-110. PMID: 11026397

Boscán DC, Penn NE, Velasquez RJ, Savion AV, Maness P, Guzman M, Reimann J. (2002). MMPI-2 performance of Mexican male university students and prison inmates. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 58, 465-470. PMID: 11920698

Health and Culturally & Linguistically Distinct Populations

Philis-Tsimikas A, Walker C, Rivard L, Talavera GA, Reimann JOF, Salmon M, Araujo R. (2004). Improvement in diabetes care of underinsured patients enrolled in Project Dulce: A community-based, culturally appropriate, nurse case management and peer education diabetes care model, Diabetes Care, 27, 110-115. PMID: 14693975

Rodríguez-Reimann DI, Nicassio P, Reimann JOF, Gallegos PI, Olmedo EL. (2004). Acculturation and health beliefs of Mexican Americans regarding tuberculosis prevention. Journal of Immigrant Health, 6, 51-62. PMID: 15014222

Firestone DN, Jiménez-Briceño L, Reimann JO, Talavera GA, Polonsky WH, Edelman SV. (2004). Predictors of diabetes-specific knowledge and treatment satisfaction among Costa Ricans. The Diabetes Educator, 30, 281-292. PMID: 15095518

Reimann JOF, Talavera GA, Salmon M, Nuñez J, Velasquez RJ. (2004) Cultural competence among physicians treating Mexican Americans who have diabetes: A structural model. Social Science & Medicine, 59, 2195-2205. PMID: 15450697

Yepes-Rios M, Reimann, JOF, Talavera AC, Ruiz de Esparza A, Talavera GA. (2006) Colorectal cancer screening among Mexican Americans at a community clinic American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 30, 204-210. PMID: 16476635

Community Needs Assessments

Reimann JOF, Ghulam M, Rodríguez-Reimann DI, Beylouni MF. (2007). Project Salaam: Assessing mental health needs among San Diego’s greater Middle Eastern and East African communities. Ethnicity & Disease, 17, Supp. 3, S3-39-S3-41. PMID: 17985449

Alemi Q, Mefom E, Montgomery S, Koga PM, Stempel C, Reimann JOF. (2021). Acculturative stress, stigma, and mental health challenges: emic perspectives from Somali young adults in San Diego county's 'Little Mogadishu'. Ethnicity & Health. Apr 13:1-17. PMID: 33849300.

Reimann, JOF & Rodríguez-Reimann, DI. (2010) Community based health needs assessments with culturally distinct populations. In A. Pelham & E. Sills (Eds.) Promoting Health & Wellness in Underserved Communities: Multidisciplinary Perspectives through Service Learning Series (pp.82-100), Sterling, VA: Stylus Publishing.

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