Theoretical Underpinnings

GIRA's Measure development is grounded in prior theoretical and empirical work. On a most basic level, our framework is informed by the social identity theory of intergroup relations, social cognitive theory, offender decision making, and others. Approaches to acculturation are based on the broad literature available in that arena (including our own contributions).  The career assessment is largely based on John Holland’s theories of vocational choice. In addition, approaches are influenced by our own on-the-ground practitioner knowledge (practice based evidence). A reference list is available on request.

Research Implications

Cumulative data collection, both through the initial validation process and through later routine use has the potential to identify a variety of trends. Advanced statistical techniques such as Structural Equation Modeling (SEM), with which we have expertise, can identify paths among numerous variable that pinpoint complex patterns with predictive value. On the broadest scale, this has the potential to inform policy (e.g., the focal points for resource distribution).

Sample Publications by GIRA Principals

Hemmings M, Reimann JOF, Madrigal D, Velasquez RJ. (1998). Predictors of scores on the Brief Symptom Inventory for ethnically diverse female clients. Psychological Reports, 83, 800-802. 

Boscán DC, Penn NE, Velasquez RJ, Reimann J, Gómez N, Gúzman M, Berry EM, Infantes LD, Jaramillo LF, Corrales de Romero M. (2000). MMPI-2 Profiles of Colombian, Mexican, and Venezuelan university students. Psychological Reports, 87, 107-110.  

Boscán DC, Penn NE, Velasquez RJ, Savion AV, Maness P, Guzman M, Reimann J. (2002). MMPI-2 performance of Mexican male university students and prison inmates. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 58, 465-470.  

Rodríguez-Reimann DI, Nicassio P, Reimann JOF, Gallegos PI, Olmedo EL. (2004). Acculturation and health beliefs of Mexican Americans regarding tuberculosis prevention. Journal of Immigrant Health, 6, 51-62.  Reimann JOF, Talavera GA, Salmon M, Nuñez J, Velasquez RJ. (2004) Cultural competence among physicians treating Mexican Americans who have diabetes: A structural model. Social Science & Medicine, 59, 2195-2205.  

Reimann JOF, Ghulam M, Rodríguez-Reimann DI, Beylouni MF. (2007). Project Salaam: Assessing mental health needs among San Diego’s greater Middle Eastern and East African communities. Ethnicity & Disease, 17, Supp. 3, S3-39-S3-41.   

Reimann, JOF, Rodríguez-Reimann, DI. (2010) Community based health needs assessments with culturally distinct populations. In A. Pelham & E. Sills (Eds.) Promoting Health & Wellness in Underserved Communities: Multidisciplinary Perspectives through Service Learning Series (pp.82-100), Sterling, VA: Stylus Publishing.